Do Cities Evoke Situations of Crime? : An Empirical Study

Deblina Majumder and Dr. Arpita Mitra

The present study is a simplistic endeavor of how situations can be personified as perpetrators of harm whereby it induces an individual to commit a crime. According to the Routine Activity Theory, a person’s everyday course of life has an influence on his becoming vulnerable. Victims can be of crime, survivors of abuse, denouement of social, psychological, and financial harm. In some cases, certain provocative situations in life, corner the individual so much so that the situation can be personified as an offender and the convict a victim of such situation. Although criminal acts are evil but the situation impersonates the devil that traps the convict to commit the offence. The upshot on the convict is not only limited to correction/incarceration but it is far beyond that. In the process of committing the offence the victim of situations is victimized of several harms, namely: psychological harm- the thought process of the victims of situation gets blocked; emotional harm- they tend to get unnerved; social harm: they get stigmatized for the entire life; financial harm- loss of income. This research paper is an exploratory study conducted on a small sample of convicts from two metropolitan cities; the primary data has been collected through face to face interview. The objective of the study is to investigate the circumstances in which the crime has been committed and whether the convicts are targets/victims of the situations. The study is an endeavor to look at the convicts as “victims of situation”.

Volume 11 | 08-Special Issue

Pages: 844-849