Construct Validity of Biological Students’ New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) Dimensions based on Gender

Guspri Devi Artanti, I. Made Putrawan and Rizki Ananda

There are still a few studies related to sustainable development, environmental paradigm, ecological footprint, etc. based on gender equality. This study was conducted in order to find out information whether men and women differ in their New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) construct validity. An Ex post facto method was used in this study by involving 350 senior high school biological students from different big cities in Indonesia, Jakarta, Palembang, and Makassar. Data were analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). This study revealed that there were no significant differences between male and female biological students’ NEP. Generally, however, this finding depicted that education has a vital role in determining similarity among them in terms of their NEP, involved based on gender equality. Even though students stay in different cities background, their NEP based on gender equality have a similarity. Based on factor analysis, female students NEP has higher internal consistency than male students in terms of its factor loading and number of factors omitted. These findings would be beneficial in developing a NEP instrument, especially based on students’ gender which has a high knowledge contribution to measurement theories related to environmental issues.

Volume 11 | 09-Special Issue

Pages: 174-181

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V11/20192552