Effects of the Global Multicultural Nursing Competency Enhancement Program on the Cultural Competence of Nursing College Students

Seoung-Uk Wie,Seok-Young Han,Mi-Jung Choi

The purpose of this study was to develop the global multicultural nursing competency enhancement program (GMNCE program) and to examine its effects on the cultural competence of nursing college students. A quasi experimental study using a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was applied to an experimental group (n=33) and a control group (n=36). The experimental group participated in a global camp held in Malaysia for the GMNCE program for 3 weeks while the control group did not. The data, collected using self-report structured questionnaires prior to the program and after the intervention, were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, χ²-test, and ANCOVA using SPSS 24.0 program. Compared to the control group, experimental group reported significant positive changes for cultural competence (F=9.71, p=.003) including cultural knowledge(F=9.52, p=.003), cultural skills(F=13.42, p=.001), cultural encounters(F=4.67, p=.035), cultural awareness(F=11.01, p=.002), and cultural sensitivities (F=9.45, p=.003), and the effect of the program was also supported by significant differences between the two groups. The results of this study indicate that the GMNCE program is effective in raising the level of cultural competence of nursing students. Based on the findings, this study suggests a need to include content from cultural competence curricula or training programs to improve undergraduate nursing college students’ cultural competence.

Volume 12 | Issue 6

Pages: 474-481

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12I6/S20201052