Land Use Control Model Towards Sustainable Development of The City of Bangkinang

Hamdanis, Zulfan Saam, SofyanHusein Siregar, Mubarak

Environmental problems are increasingly developing and complex. High population growth rates cause increased demand for space and natural resources, which in turn if not wisely controlled can affect the availability of natural resources and disturb the environmental balance. Control of spatial use in Bangkinang is an inseparable part of the spatial planning process. This research aims to: 1). Analyzing changes in land cover that are taking place, especially those related to the sustainability of the city of Bangkinang. 2). Analyzing land use control is associated with sustainable development in the city of Bangkinang. 3). Analyzing the role of stakeholders and instruments for controlling land use in the city of Bangkinang. The study was conducted in the city of Bangkinang which is geographically located at 010000 40 North Latitude and 00027o 00 South Latitude, 100028o 30 - 101014o 30 East Longitude. The administrative area of the city of Bangkinang consists of 3 Districts with a total area of 81,226.23 Ha. The method used in this study are: 1). GIS analysis to examine the effect of land cover change, to see population trends using the saturation model. 2). Dynamic system analysis to see the linkage system of land cover utilization control in the city of Bangkinang and 3). AHP analysis to see the role of stakeholders in controlling land use in the city of Bangkinang.The results showed that the dynamics of land cover change on forest land, mixed gardens and open land were greater than after the expansion for settlement land cover, bush, water and rice fields showed greater changes after experiencing expansion. Analysis of population dynamics shows that the tendency to increase at a critical point, the increase is not followed by the use of planned land cover well seen from the disturbance of forest land that has decreased. The foregoing shows an indication of the threat of unsustainable development in the city of Bangkinang. Dynamic system analysis of changes in land cover and population dynamics shows the interrelation between environmental components in controlling land use. Land use control based on sustainable development of the city of Bangkinang needs to pay attention to aspects of land area, population, amount of waste, vehicle and length of road and the role of stakeholders in the land use control system. Control can be done through the mechanism of licensing, supervision and control, while the stakeholders who are very instrumental in controlling land are the Government.

Volume 12 | Issue 6

Pages: 540-546

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12I6/S20201061