Harokah Muqowamah Al Islamiyah (hamas) Fight For Palestinian Independence In Self- Bombing Bomb In 1996

Aos Y. Firdaus, Yanyan M. Yani, Obsatar Sinaga, Taufik Hidayat

The authors have a keen interest in researching a new phenomenon in social science, especially the eventsthat occurred in Palestine, which is a countrythat is struggling to obtain essential independence from Israel to date. Harokah Muqowamah Al Islamiyah (Hamas) conducts the fight in the form of suicide bombings is a new phenomenon. The actions are not included in the diplomacy or war processes, in which International Relations are both processes commonly carried out by a countryto achieve their interests. The authorsare interested in the development and the changes of patterns and forms of the Hamas' fight to free Palestine from the Israeli occupation. The Hamas struggle began with the social movement, then the "underground" campaign as an opponent of the soft Palestinian policy, which was then represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), towards Israel. It was a hardline political movement that was consistent with the primary goal of an independent Palestine. The existence of Hamas in the Palestinians’ fight is increasingly popular and accepted by the Palestinian people, with the declining popularity of the PLO, which is considered to be weak in dealing with Israel. The ineffective PLO diplomacy efforts have caused people's pessimism about Palestinian independence. The suicide bombing became one of the choices of the fight of the Palestinian people to show their resistance to the Israeli occupation. The authors want to know the effect that occurred from the Hamas suicide bombing in Jerusalem in 1996. Previously, the authors wanted to know some factors that triggered suicide bombings in Jerusalem following the Oslo I and II agreements. Another thing that the authors want to know in the selection of this title is the impact of Hamas' suicide bombings on Israel, Palestine, Hamas struggle, and the international world.

Volume 12 | Issue 6

Pages: 3213-3218

DOI: 10.5373/JARDCS/V12I6/S20201287